joseph islam.jpg
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
 
 
 
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END OF PROPHETHOOD
     
   
    ABBASID INFLUENCE ON AHADITH CORPUS  
          (To justify their political actions)  
        Caliph Abu al-Abbas (750 CE - 754 CE)  
     
Foundation of Baghdad and the New Abbasid capital
 
Death of 11th Shia Imam Hasan al-Askari
 
  COLLECTION OF AHADITH OFFICIALLY BANNED    
UMAYYAD CALIPHATE
    UMAYYAD CALIPHATE
 
IMAM SHAF'I IS BORN
   
Death of 10th Shia Imam (Ali al-Hadi)
  Son - Abu al-Qasi (al-Mahdi) goes into occultation  
The 'Occultation' of Imam Mahdi as a transcendent phenomena announced
 
   
COLLECTION OF AHADITH OFFICIALLY ALLOWED
    HADITH INFLUENCES  
  Son - Hasan al-Askari lives as prisoner in Samarra   The Hidden Imam  
 
  CALIPH 1      
IMAM BUKHARI IS BORN
   
  SHIA  
  CALIPH ABU BAKR   CALIPH UMAR ASSASSINATED         ABBASID INFLUENCE ON AHADITH CORPUS

(To justify their political actions)

  Nothing from Ibn Ishaq's own writings survives  
  Bukhara (Modern day Uzbekistan)   IMAM BUKHARI'S AHADITH  
SUNAN AL NASAI AHADITH CORPUS
    SHIA  
 
 
NAHJ AL BALAGHA
 
  Disagreements arise with regards successor - Hall of B.Saida    
Yazid Becomes Caliph
Yazid Dies  
Dome of the Rock completed in Jerusalem
  Historian   UMMAYAD INFLUENCE ON AHADITH CORPUS     IBN ISHAQ COMPLETES SIRA OF PROPHET  
AL TABARI IS BORN
 
COMPLETES AHADITH COLLECTION
 
MUSLIM AHADITH CORPUS
  SUNAN IBN MAJA AHADITH CORPUS  
SUNAN ABU DAUD AHADITH CORPUS
  SUNAN AL TIRMIDHI AHADITH CORPUS  
KITAB AL KAFI AHADITH CORPUS
   
 
  CALIPH UTHMAN   CALIPH UTHMAN ASSASINATED  
Death of Infant son Muawiyyah II
  IMAM ABU HANIFA IS BORN  
IBN ISHAQ IS BORN
  IMAM MALIK IS BORN   (To justify their political actions)  
 
FITNA
   
 
IMAM HANBAL IS BORN
  Inclination of Caliph to Mutazilah Rationalistic Theology    
  CALIPH 2  
CALIPH 3
 
KUFA, IRAQ
 
MADINAH
    Muslims vs Muslims  
Caliphate of Harun Al-Rashid (786 CE - 809 CE)
 
Death of Imam Malik
 
Al- Tabari (Historian) Dies
 
 
 
CALIPH UMAR  
Muslims conquer Jerusalem
 
 
CALIPH ALI IBN TALIB   CALIPH ALI IBN TALIB ASSASINATED  
Caliph al-Mansur (754 CE - 775 CE)
 
Caliphate of Al-Mamum
 
Ali al-Hadi (10th Shia Imam) imprisoned in Samarra
 
Death of Imam Hanbal (ahl- al Hadith)
 
    CALIPH 4  
Death of Imam Abu Hanifa
  Al-Rida (8th Shia Imam) appointed as successor  
  Iraq, Syria and Egypt invaded   Al-Rida dies (Possibly murdered)  
 
632 CE
633 CE 634 CE 635 CE       638 CE 640 CE       644 CE   646 CE       650 CE           656 CE 657 CE   659 CE 660 CE 661 CE                 670 CE       674 CE    
677 CE
    680 CE     683 CE             690 CE 691 CE 692 CE          
698 CE
  700 CE       704 CE           710 CE 711 CE           717 CE     720 CE                   730 CE                     740 CE                   750 CE       754 CE             760 CE   762 CE 763 CE       767 CE 769 CE 770 CE                   780 CE           786 CE       790 CE         795 CE         800 CE                 809 810 CE     813 CE 814 CE     817 CE 818 CE   820 CE                   830 CE               838 CE   840 CE           846 CE   848 CE   850 CE         855 CE         860 CE               868 CE   870 CE       874 CE           880 CE                   890 CE                   900 CE                     910 CE                   920 CE     923 CE             930 CE       934 CE           940 CE                   950 CE                   960 CE                   970 CE                   980 CE                   990 CE                   1000 CE         1005 CE         1010 CE                   1020 CE                     1030 CE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  RIDDA WARS CONQUEST OF PERSIA   WARS:   Battle of al-Harrah     Maghazi put together on order of Caliph around 760-763     Shia rebellion in Basrah    
    WARS:   Battle of Nikiou   FIRST FITNA   Muslim invasions of Anatolia and Constantinople   WARS:   Umar ibn AbdulAziz (Umar II)   Battle of the Zab   Prominent Shi'ias murdered     Khajirite revolt in Khurasan     Abū Īsā Muhammad ibn Īsā ibn Surat ibn Mūsā ibn ad-Dahhāk as-Sulamī at-Tirmidhī   Ab. Husayn Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj Qushayri al-Nisapuri   Al-Sharif al-Radi  
  Muslim Conquest of Egypt 641   Muslims vs Muslims   Siege of Constantinople (674678)   Battles of the Umayyad Caliphate  
    TENSIONS  
 
  STUDENTS  
 
  Battle of Yamama   Battle of Heliopolis   Muslims conquer Cyprus, Tripoli   Hazrat Ayesha Vs Hazrat Ali     Battle of Karbala   Khajirites Rebel   Zaydi Revolt     All members of the Umayyad family murdered      
CIVIL WAR
  al Mumum defeats al-Amin   MUTAZILAH vs AHL-AL-HADITH   Husain Mahamili  
 
   
  Battle of Zafar   Muslim rule established in Afghanistan, Iran and Sind   1000's Dead   Khajirites Uprisings in Iran and Iraq   Ibn al-Zubair's revolt - ends in 692 defeated by Umayyad forces   WARS:     d.941 CE     Abu `Abdallah Muhammad ibn Yazid Ibn Majah al-Rab`i al-Qazwini     Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni    
 
  Battle of Buzakha   WARS:   WARS:   Battle of Bassorah   Battle of Syllaeum   SECOND FITNA     Muslim invasions of Anatolia and Constantinople       POLITICAL INFLUENCES - CHRISTIANS:   War between two sons of Caliph Harun al-Rashid  
       
  Battle of Ghamra   Battle of Firaz   Conquest of Persia 642   (Battle of the Camel) FITNA Muslims vs Muslims   Muslims vs Muslims   Byzantine-Arab Wars   WARS:   Siege of Constantinople (717718)    
  Syrian Church, Coptic Church, Melkites, Nestorians, Jacobites   al-Mamun vs al-Amin     Al-Firabari   Mansur Burduzi   Abul Husayn Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj Qushayri al-Nisapuri   Abu Da'ud Sulayman ibn Ash`ath al-Azadi al-Sijistani  
  Battle of Naqra   Battle of the Bridge   Battle of Nihawānd   Civil War   Muawiyyah Vs Ali     Battle of Sebastopolis 692   Byzantine-Arab Wars   ABBASID INFLUENCE ON AHADITH CORPUS         d. 932 CE   d.931 CE  
 
  WARS:   1000's Dead   Yazid / Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad Vs Husayn     Battle of Carthage - 698   (To justify their political actions)          
    Byzantine-Arab Wars 634   Khazar-Arab Wars   Battle of Siffin   FITNA Muslims vs Muslims         POWER STRUGGLES:      
    Battle of Dathin   1st Balanjar - 640s or 650s   Ali vs Khajirites (Split from Ali)     Umayyad conquest of North Africa     Muhajirun (Prophet's Companions Migrated) Vs Ansar (Medinites - Helpers)   Ibrahim ibn-Ma'qal Hammad ibn Shaker  
    Battle of Qarteen   WARS:   Battle of Nahrawan   Kharijite and Shia Rebels defeated by Umayyad forces   Battle of Carthage (698)     - Escalated during Umar's reign and then Ummayyads (See war booty claim and right - New or old converts)   d.907 CE   d.923 CE  
    Battle of Bosra   Byzantine-Arab Wars 636    
    Battle of Ajnadayn   Battle of Yarmouk     Kharijites
Initially Ali's supporters, then turned against him. Disagreed with the outcome of arbitration between Ali and Muawiyyah

   
  Battle of Chains Battle of Marj-al-Rahit   WARS:    
  Battle of River Battle of Fahl   WARS:   Umayyad conquest of North Africa 655    
  Battle of Walaja Siege of Damascus   Conquest of Persia 636   Battle of That Al-Sawari    
  Battle of Ullais   Battle of al-Qādisiyyah    
  Battle of Hira  
  Battle of Al - Anbar   WARS:  
  Battle of Ayn ul-Tamr   Byzantine-Arab Wars 637  
  Battle of Daumat-ul-Jandal   Siege of Jerusalem  
  Battle of Muzayyah   Battle of Hazir  
  Battle of Saniyy   Battle of Aleppo  
  Battle of Zumail  
  WARS:  
  Muslim invasions of Anatolia and Constantinople 637  
  Battle of Iron Bridge