Salamun Alaikum (Peace be upon you)
THE SUPERIORITY OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD'S (pbuh) MISSION
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Many Muslims assert the superiority of Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) mission above the mission of other of God's messengers due to its perceived difficulty.
The Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) ministry is clearly captured in many verses with a central underlying theme. The Prophet was chosen amongst his community to deliver the message of God (62:2; 23:32) received via inspiration like other messengers before him (4:163) in a manner that would be clear to them and in the capacity as a plain warner (15:89; 35:23). His direct addressees were his own people and those around him who spoke his native language and who understood him clearly.
This was the reason why the Quran was revealed in Arabic (41:44; 42:007). All the messengers before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) received guidance in their own languages (14:4) so that they too, similarly, could explain the message clearly to their own people. Those that heard from Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) directly, were then to pass on the message to others as witnesses (22:75) similarly as the prophet was a witness against them. The Quran was to remain a timeless source of guidance for them and then through them, to mankind.
Quite apart from the Quran repeatedly informing believers not to make any sort of distinctions between the messengers of God, we unfortunately find many Muslims attempting to prove the superiority of the Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) mission. What lies at the heart of the claim is the perceived difficulty of Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) mission which coupled with the fact that the Quran remains the final revelation to mankind usually underscores the premise of the claim. However, a claim of mission superiority of any sort is not supported by the Quranic narratives.
EVERY MESSENGER OF GOD HAD THEIR OWN SET OF CIRCUMSTANCES AND SUBSEQUENT DIFFICULTIES
The importance of any particular mission has never been imparted as a source of comparison. Rather, the purport is one of recognition of the difficulties faced by all messengers and their corresponding missions.
For example, Prophet Moses (pbuh) faced many difficulties with his own people. He wandered the desert plains for numerous years facing unrelenting challenges and in the face of often harsh adversity from his own people. Noah battled with his own folk for numerous years when finally he lamented to the Lord that he called his people night and day towards God's remembrance (71:5), that they put their fingers in their ears and covered themselves with their garments persisting in refusal and arrogance (71:7); that he tried every tactic and means possible, calling to them aloud (71:8), in public and in private (71:9), yet, all to no avail. Noah's difficulty of mission and the incessant rebukes from his people was so intense, that his desperation was finally captured in his plea to God "
“Or do you think that you shall enter the Garden (of bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? they encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: "When will the help of God come?" Ah! indeed, the help of God is near!”
PROPHET MUHAMMAD (pbuh) WAS TOLD TO PERSEVERE LIKE MESSENGERS BEFORE HIM
Other verses resonate similar sentiments (30:6; 40:55)
OTHER MESSENGERS WERE SIMILARLY MOCKED LIKE PROPHET MUHAMMAD (pbuh)
SOME MESSENGERS WERE UP AGAINST VERY POWERFUL ADVERSARIES
Many messengers of God were up against very powerful adversaries such as Pharaoh (Moses (pbuh)); People of Aad (Hud (pbuh)) and Thamud (Saleh (pbuh)). Some of these kingdoms and communities were far mightier, possessed far greater prowess and affluence than those at the time of Muhammad (pbuh). Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is clearly informed of this fact by God.
SOME MESSENGERS WERE EVEN SLAUGHTERED DURING THEIR MISSIONS
Many Prophets of God died during their missions. "
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